A black crappie (P. nigromaculatus) The Pomoxis species are highly regarded pan fish and are often considered to be among the best-tasting freshwater fish. There are two species of crappie in Illinois: white and black. Area lakes and slow moving rivers provide a preferable habitat to feed in schools and of course spawn. Pomoxis nigromaculatus Native. Although similar in appearance, white crappie tend to have markings that resemble vertical bars on their sides, while black crappie appear more randomly spotted. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pomoxis nigromaculatus CHARACTERISTICS: Three characteristics easily distinguish black and white crappie.Black crappie have seven to eight dorsal spines; white crappie usually have six. Black crappies are most accurately identified by the seven or eight spines on its dorsal fin (white crappies have five or six dorsal spines). The Black Crappie Is a Fish Known By Many Names. Both species are similar in size, shape, and habits. Scientific Name: Author: Year: Common Name: Centrarchidae: Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur) 1829: Black Crappie: Pomoxis nigromaculatus. The name crappie can refer to either the white crappie, which is lighter in color with vertical black stripes, or the black crappie, which is and darker with a pattern of black spots. Scientific Name. CRAPPIE. Unique Characters: Dorsal fin usually with 7 or 8 spines and 14-16 rays. The black crappie, is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. The darker colored individuals are not always males, as some people think, nor are they always the black species. Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus . Pomoxis annularis - scientific name (white crappie) Pomoxis nigromaculatus - scientific name (black crappie) Identification: Michigan has both black and white crappie in its waters. Adult black crappie feed on fewer fish than white crappie do; instead they consume a larger volume of insects and crustaceans. No Identification. Fishing for Black Crappie is popular in Florida all year, but now during the winter months is when this freshwater fish is likely to be most active in parts of North Central Florida. Black Crappie. Learn the scientific name, discover the habitat, diet and special characteristics of the Black Crappie with the Georgia Aquarium. The crappie differs from the other members of the sunfish family in that they have 5 to 7 (usually 6 spines) in the anal fin and 5 to 8 spines in the dorsal fin. Because of their diverse diets, crappie may be caught in many ways, including casting light jigs , trolling with minnows or artificial lures, using small spinnerbaits , or using bobbers . In Florida, they call the fish a “speck.”Louisiana anglers call the same fish a sac-a-lait. Black crappie. Black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) and white crappie (P. annularis) have a number of common names throughout the United States, including papermouths, speckled perch, calico bass, and sac-a-lait. According to scientific studies carried out in California , mysid shrimp, Neomysis awatschensis, as well as amphipods, and Corophium, were the most commonly eaten by all sizes of black crappie. Black crappie, captured in rotary screw trap on the Sacramento River at Knight's Landing on 2/26/2009. Login. Crappie belong to the Centrarchidae family, which includes largemouth bass and bluegill. Distance from the center of the eye to the origin of the dorsal fin is about equal to the length of the dorsal fin base. Other Names: Calico Bass, Crappies . Photo by Dan Worth, California Department of Fish and Game. Learn the scientific name, discover the habitat, diet and special characteristics of the Black Crappie with the Georgia Aquarium. Common Name: Black Crappie. Open To The Public 9AM - 6PM. It is very similar to the white crappie in size, shape, and habits, except that it is darker, with a pattern of black spots. Some Southern anglers pronounce crappie as “crappy” and Northern and Midwestern fishermen pronounce the same fish as “ croppie.”No matter how you pronounce crappie, its genus name is Pomoxis and the two recognized species of this genus are the white crappie and the black crappie. Origin: Introduced .