amaranthus spinosus common name

Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata L.) against weeds. Thus, it is likely that it has been introduced accidentally as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds and in agricultural machinery (PROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015). Lazarides M, Cowley K, Hohnen P, 1997. It is originally comes from fields in South America towards Central America to Mexico. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Biological Control of Weeds: Southeast Asian Prospects. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Ampong-Nyarko K; Datta SK de, 1991. 506 pp. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. kindly help to give the detailed report in this plant and also give the Sangameswaran and jeyakar 2007 paper.plz give me the reports and paper immediately.Thanking you sir. The juice of the root is used in Nepal to treat fevers, urinary troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery[272]. Parker C, 1992. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. ex Moq.. Amaranthus polystachyus Buch.-Ham. Weeds of rice in Indonesia [edited by Soerjani, M.; Kostermans, A.J.G.H. Flowering plants of the Galápagos. A. spinosus is edible and is best picked as a young plant. vii + 264 pp. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. A. spinosus is also used as a medicinal herb. In: Proceedings of the 21st Asian Pacific Weed Science Society (APWSS) Conference, 2-6 October 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka [ed. A. spinosus has the potential to outcompete native vegetation and induce the loss of biodiversity, especially decreasing floristic richness in native vegetation communities where is becoming dominant and invasive such as insular ecosystems and native grasslands. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. Waterhouse DF, 1994. A. viridis hybridizes with A. blitum (Coons, 1981). (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Amaranthus fasciatus Roxb.. Amaranthus gracilis Desf.. Amaranthus littoralis Bernh. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use[238]. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. Online database. chennai I'm heleena .I doing project work in Amaranthas spinosus plant extract induced in STZ induced diabetic rats. Seed - cooked. The entire plant is used to make medicine. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer J-Y, 2013. Very small, about 1mm in diameter[266], but easy to harvest and very nutritious. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. [English title not available]. Hutchinson J; Dalziel JM, 1954. Ecuador. The weeds: description, ecology and control. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. Flora of Australia. A drop in temperature overnight aids germination[133]. Thimphu, Bhutan: National Plant Protection Centre. - This introduced weed can be found throughout Missouri and can be quite common in the habitats mentioned above. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Correll DS, Johnston MC, 1979. Flora of West Tropical Africa, Volume 1, Part 1. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. spinosus was implicated in a case of livestock poisoning in 1973 when 39 dairy cows died after being fed chopped forage sorghum containing as much as 25-33% (by weight) of the weed. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. … Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); inflorescences long, slender, terminal, with ancillary spikes in clusters, greenish; flowers unisexual, straw-coloured. vi + 236 pp. The fungal pathogens Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi have been investigated as potential bioherbicides for weedy amaranths including A. spinosus (Rosskopf et al., 2000; Ortiz-Ribbing and Williams, 2006). The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., https://nadeaud.ilm.pf/. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. ACIAR Monograph No. 425 pp. A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. With minor exceptions its range extends from latitude 30°N to 30°S (Holm et al., 1991). ex Wall.. Chenopodium caudatum Jacq.. Galliaria adscendens Bubani. Marchioretto MS, 2014. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Richardson, TX, USA: University of Texas at Dallas. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Vol. In Thai cuisine, where it is called phak khom and in Tamil mullik keerai. Kumar R P, Jindal Shammy, Gupta Nitin, Rana Rinu, 2014. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. A. spinosus often grows as a weed in crops, pastures, orchards, disturbed ground, along roadsides, and in secondary forests (Waterhouse, 1994). spiny amaranthus. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Plant Disease, 84(11):1225-1230. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In groundnuts, A. spinosus is usually controlled with soil-applied herbicides (Grichar, 1994). v + 141 pp. Lee IY; Oh SM; Moon BC; Kim CS; Park JE; Choi CD, 2007. 3348 pp. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. Flora of Panama. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). 1. 1981, 818 pp. London, UK: Crown Agents. An earlier sowing can be made in a greenhouse and the plants put out after the last expected frosts. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Manoa, Hawaii, USA: College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. FAMILY: Amaranthaceae. Amaranthus spinosus common name is spiny amaranth and it is belong to amaranthaceae family. process we are going to conduct . Seed are easy to harvest and very nutritious. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Waihee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Flora of Australia. indehiscens Thell. Antioquia. Nowadays it is rarely cultivated and grows principally as a weed in crops, pastures and orchards. New York, USA; Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., 355 pp. Spreading Pigweed, Mediterranean amaranth, Prince's Feather, Prince-of-wales feather, Thunberg's Pigweed, Thunberg's amaranthus, Chinese Spinach, Joseph's-coat, Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer Poinsettia. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Potential of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. We are currently updating this section. by Padua, L. S. de \Bunyapraphatsara, N. \Lemmens, R. H. M. You will receive a range of benefits including: Flora Mesoamericana., Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. The stout spines at the nodes are diagnostic. Chemical ControlA. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997). the name Amara means “bitter.” Take your pick. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. Parker C, 1992. Boiss. PROTA4U web database. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. Spinosus means “spiny,” as does kükü. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. Good Day to you ! In Cuba, it appears in herbarium collections made in 1900 in Havana and Isla Juventud (US National Herbarium). Tropicos website. ... giving reasonable detail on the more common leaf crops and brief information on a … Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Hurst (1942) and Kingsbury (1964) both mention A. spinosus as a suspected poisonous plant. [ed. PIER, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus var. unfortunately , laboratories in our locality doesn't conduct Blood Test a valued food plant in Africa. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing characteristic spiny stems. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, Pangnakorn and Poonpaiboonpipattana, 2013, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Kumar RP; Jindal Shammy; Gupta Nitin; Rana Rinu, 2014. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. USDA-NRCS, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Amaranthus spinosus ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Albersia caudata (Jacq.) You can cook the leaves and stems or eaten raw to get its very nutritious benefits. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus. Amaranthus spinosus L. In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. For example, Japanese authorities report A. spinosus as a contaminant of imported animal feed grains (Kurokawa, 2001). If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. China. Distribution and biology. Weeds of the United States and their control. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. In Thailand, augmentative releases of Hypolixus truncatulus have resulted in successful control. Weeds of Bhutan. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). This species is self-compatible and flowers are pollinated by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Seeds are easily disturbed by wind, water, and animals. A. spinosus is capable of growing on wet soils as well. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. spinosus is an annual fast-growing herb. 55, 584 pp. McMullen CK, 1999. London, UK: Crown Agents. Highly esteemed[183]. USA. Name of the plant is Thorny amaranth, means it has thorns. Waterlogging retards its growth. This is especially noticeable on land where chemical fertilizers are used. unpaginated. NOMENCLATURE: Amaranthus is from the Greek “amarantos” which means “unfading,” a reference to the persisting color of certain amaranth flowers. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Most if not all members of this genus photosynthesize by a more efficient method than most plants. Biocontrol News and Information, 18(1):11N-20N; 2 pp. Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, usa. In upland rice, A. spinosus is the principal weed in Mexico and the Philippines, and a common weed in Sri Lanka, India and Indonesia (Holm et al., 1991).A. The leaves and stems of Amaranthus spinosus are eaten raw or cooked as a spinach. Farmland Weeds in China., Agricultural Publishing House. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database 2. Collingwood, Vic. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. (8 col.). Listed as casual in temperate regions of the country and as a weed elsewhere, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Kingsbury JM, 1964. It is browsed by sheep and goats and is a highly nutritious feed at any time during the year. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. spinosus is susceptible to most of the standard herbicides used on broad-leaved weeds. Biological Control of Weeds: a World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127:1-1744. Common names include: calaloo; needle burr; pigweed; prickly calaloo; prickly callau; prickly caterpillar; spiny amaranthus; spiny calaloo; spiny pigweed; sticker weed; thorny pigweed; wild callau. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. thanks!!! 21. Burr, Needle; Needle Burr; Spiny Amaranth; Spiny Pigweed. Julien MH, 1992. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Orchard AE, 1993. It is a common weed of bananas in Taiwan, oil palms in Nicaragua, pineapples in Hawaii, vegetables in Brazil, Ghana, Hawaii, India, the Philippines and the USA, and of tea and jute in Taiwan. DAISIE, 2015. It is a problem weed principally around the Caribbean Sea, the west and south of Africa, around the Bay of Bengal and in East and South-East Asia from Japan to Indonesia. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. It will grow both in wet or dry sites, but grows best when soil moisture levels are below field capacity. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 110-113. it is a noted weed in Angola, Brazil, El Salvador, Ghana, Hawaii, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan , Thailand, and USA. Impact of different herbicides on, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB15408, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. In many countries, the bruised leaves are considered a good emollient and applied externally in cases of eczema, burns, wounds, boils, earache and haemorrhoids. May 2008. LongevityA. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Lazarides M; Cowley K; Hohnen P, 1997. Common name: Prickly Amaranth, Edlebur, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, ... Botanical name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family) Prickly Amaranth is an annual herb with sometimes red tinged erect stems, sometimes ascending, 30-150 cm long, usually branched. Holm LG; Plucknett DL; Pancho JV; Herberger JP, 1977. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay))., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. In India, the bud weevil Ceutorhynchus asperulus, a pest of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), has been found feeding on A. spinosus (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). It grows in arid lowlands and moist uplands on the Galapagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). Leaves: petiole ± equaling or longer than blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 3-10(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, plane or slightly undulate, apex acute or subobtuse. Environmental Requirements If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Kindly give me the Amaranthas spinosus plant papers and reports. Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Volume 2. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. Externally, it is used to treat ulcerated mouths, vaginal discharges, nosebleeds and wounds[238, 243]. Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG, 2015. 278 pp. * Important announcements and news To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). It is also used in the treatment of snake bites[243]. I am researching on other economic and pharmaceutical importance of this weed. In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 127 1-1744. 4 (3), 643-653. http://ijrpc.com/files/20-4130.pdf. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. A. spinosus does not grow well in shade or cool temperatures, because spine development and flowering are suppressed under these conditions. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, obovate-lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, equal or subequal, 1.2-2 mm, apex mucronate; styles erect or spreading; stigmas 3. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Thank You very much and More Power ! ; 10 ref. In groundnuts, it is a principal weed in Ghana, Hawaii, the Philippines and the USA. An inside review of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: a potential medicinal plant of India. hi.. im an aggies i wanna know the life span of amaranthus??? Field evaluation of Phomopsis amaranthicola, a biological control agent of Amaranthus spp. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. ; many pl. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Amaranthus spinosus Name Synonyms Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart. It is drought-resistant and can even grow under arid conditions. In cotton, it is ranked number one in Thailand, principal in Nicaragua and the USA, and as a common weed in Mozambique. Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. (2007) found pendimethalin on its own ineffective in pastures, but pendimethalin combined with mecocrop, mecocrop alone, or dicamba, gave good control.Biological Control Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. Barbados: University of the West Indies. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted name Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Amaranthus > Amaranthus spinosus L. If older leaves and stems are used the spines must be removed[183]. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society, 595-596. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Home > Name Search > Amaranthus spinosus L. Choose Project. Amaranthus spinosus is an edible weed in the Philippines and you can find it in the market specially in the southern Philippines. A geographic atlas of world weeds. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Orchard AE, 1993. Amaranthus spinosus, Spiny Amaranth. IPCN. During our first decision , we wanted Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. ttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amaranthus.spinosus1web.jpg. USDA-ARS, 2015. (Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie.) Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annu… Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Waterhouse D F, 1993. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. November 2006. The genetic variability of A. spinosus is great because of its large area of distribution and its wide ecological adaptation (PROTA, 2015). November 2006. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Amaranthus Spinosus to the Blood Hemoglobin count of Mice , but , Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Common name. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas; an identification and management guide. Amaranthus spinosus var. Jørgensen PM; León-Yánez S, 1999. Edible Parts: Leaves  SeedEdible Uses: Leaves and stems - raw or cooked as a spinach[2, 61, 177]. Right plant wrong place. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Volume 2. Marchioretto MS, 2014. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. International Weed Genome Consortium - an online repository for genomic and transcriptomic information. Your website is very helpful and informative. Hurst E, 1942. Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food. The risk of introduction of A. spinosus is potentially high. Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Habit. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. El-Aydam M; Bnrki HM, 1997. Lorenzi H, 1982. This beetle may replace the use of herbicides to control occasional infestations (Julien, 1992). The chromosome number reported for A. spinosus is 2n = 34, 68 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Glomeraria viridis (L.) Cav.. Lagrezia suessenguthii Cavaco. Weed * Stem. Reproductive BiologyA. Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (, Rosskopf EN; Charudattan R; DeValerio JT; Stall WM, 2000. of this weed . Flora of North America North of Mexico. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Grichar WJ, 1994. On the other hand , we are still not sure on what Wallingford, UK: CAB International. 50, Oceanic islands 2. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. The poisoning was diagnosed as being caused by nitrate, and A. spinosus showed high nitrate levels. spiny amaranth. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta (1991) indicate resistance to fenoxaprop, piperophos and thiobencarb. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Part 1. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. The plant has large thorns which make it unpalatable for grazing livestock and make weeding difficult in parts of the world where hand weeding and harvest are done by hand. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. by Keay R W J]. However, its use is declining, and it is acquiring the status of a famine food. In Bangladesh this is known as Kata shak, Kata notey, etc. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. The root is emmenagogue and galactogogue[243]. Please post more information regarding this plant in the future as guide for those who want to investigate more regarding this species. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. Sydney, Australia: Department of Agriculture. Protein: 30g; Fat: 4.5g; Carbohydrate: 50g; Fibre: 10g; Ash: 20g; Minerals - Calcium: 5000mg; Phosphorus: 450mg; Iron: 100mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 30mg; Potassium: 3000mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 40mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.06mg; Riboflavin (B2): 2.02mg; Niacin: 8mg; B6: 0mg; C: 503mg. worldwide. Wang Z, Xin M, Ma D, 1990. The root is known as an effective diuretic. thorny amaranth. The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Biological control of noxious pigweeds in Europe: a literature review of the insect species associated with Amaranthus spp. Potential of, Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Distribution and Biology. A weed identification guide for Ethiopia. Compendium record.

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